New Approach in Treating Cavities or Tooth Decay
Cavities or tooth decay are holes in the teeth. They are the second most common health condition in the US. Cavities usually affect children and young adults but can occur anytime. It is the leading cause of tooth loss among children.
Cavities are usually caused by high sugar and starch diet as well as bacteria in the mouth. The two elements combine to form cavities, which is also described as a dietobacterial disease. When the normal bacteria of the mouth mix with food pieces and the saliva, they form plaque. It is a sticky substance that can accumulate fast. Plaque becomes stickier when the person consumes sugar or starch-rich foods. If the substance stays on the teeth for more than a couple of days, it gets harder and becomes tartar.
Cavities form when bacteria in plaque and tartar transform sugar into acid. The acid dissolves tooth enamel. Once it is worn off, the acid goes to the next level of the teeth, called dentin. The bacteria and acid continue to work through the tooth to create a hole. Molars, near the gum line, at the edges of fillings, and between teeth are the usual places where cavities form.
The condition has no symptoms. They don’t appear until the tooth decay has already reached the dentin level. Once the tooth decay goes to the pulp, the person will experience severe toothache, pain when biting, and tooth sensitivity.
Symptoms also include holes in the teeth. These can be hard to see without X-ray. The person will also suffer from tooth pain that usually happens after eating something hot, sweet, or cold foods and drinks.
There are various treatments for cavities. These include fillings, caps or crown, and root canal. Sometimes tooth abscesses occur. The dentist can prescribe antibiotics to stop the infection. Over-the-counter pain relievers and salt water rinses.